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Customize layout templates

In a basic customization scenario, super users and webmasters can customize existing templates or start from a blank template to adapt the UI to their requirements. Templates can use either Handlebars or Adaptive cards templates to display data retrieved from the data source. Depdending of the template type, there are several options to customize a template:


Adaptive cards

Both techniques

Handlebars, HTML and CSS customizations


The templates and fields HTML markup is sanitized automatically preventing XSS attacks. We used DOMPurify to do so. It means for instance, you cannot add your own <script> tags or inline JavaScript.

Template structure

A layout template is always split into two distinct parts:

    <content id="template">
        <!-- Your template content here -->

    <content id="placeholder">
        <!-- Your placeholder content here -->
  • A template part, containing the HTML markup to display your data once fetched. This part is mandatory to display your data.

  • A placeholder part, containing the HTML markup to display as placeholder while the data are getting fetched. This part is optional.

Both can use Handlebars and web components (Microsoft Graph Toolkit included).

Handlebars helpers

The following custom helpers are available in addition to the handlebars-helpers. If those don't do the job for you, you can still write your own using the extensibility library.

The markdown and logging helpers are not available. For times use multiply as times is a custom iterator.


Syntax {{dayDiff <date1> <date2>}}

Description Return the number of days between two dates, eg. show an icon for files created within the last 30 days.

Example {{#compare (dayDiff (getDate Created 'YYYY-MMM-DD' ) (getDate timestamp 'YYYY-MMM-DD' )) "<=" 30 }} <img src='/SiteAssets/New.png' />{{/compare}}


Syntax {{getAttachments}}

Description Return object structure for list item attachments.

Example {{#getAttachments LinkOfficeChild}}<a href="{{url}}">{{index}} - {{fileName}}</href>{{/getAttachments}}


Syntax {{getCountMessage <total items count> <keywords>}}

Description Display a friendly message displaying the result and the entered keywords.

Example {{getCountMessage 5 "contoso"}} will display '5 results for 'contoso'.


Syntax {{getDate <data_value> "<format>" "<time handling>"}}

Description Format the date with Moment.js according to the current language. Date in the managed property should be on the form 2018-09-10T06:29:25.0000000Z for the function to work. <time handling> is optional and takes:

  • 0 = format to browsers time zone (default)
  • 1 = ignore Z time and handle as browsers local time zone
  • 2 = strip time and set to 00:00:00 in browsers local time zone
  • 3 = display in the time zone for the current web
  • 4 = display in the time zone from the user's profile

Example {{getDate 2018-09-10T06:29:25.0000000Z 'LL'}}


Syntax {{getGraphPreviewUrl "<absolute_URL>"}}

Description Try to determine the preview URL based on an absolute URL using the unified Microsoft Graph URL syntax. For instance, becomes

Example {{getGraphPreviewUrl ""}}


Syntax {{getPageContext "<SPFx page property>"}}

Description Retrieve a property from the SPFx context object.

Example {{getPageContext "user.displayName"}} or {{getPageContext "cultureInfo.currentUICultureName"}}


Syntax {{getSummary "<value>"}}

Description Use with SharePoint Search data source and the HitHighlightedSummary SharePoint search managed property. Returns the formatted value for rendering.

Example {{getSummary "HitHighlightedSummary"}}


Syntax {{getTagName "<value>"}}

Description Use with tag fields. Returns the name of the tag, omitting the ID in the tag string (L0\|#000000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000\|…).

Example {{getTagName "Tag"}}


Syntax {{getUnique items "<property>"}}

Description Return the unique values as a new array based on an array or property of an object in the array.

Example {{getUnique items "NewsCategory"}}


Syntax {{getUniqueCount items "<property>"}} or {{getUniqueCount array}}

Description Get the unique count of a property over the result set (or another array) or get the unique count of objects in an array. Example: [1,1,1,2,2,4] would return 3.

Example {{getUniqueCount [1,1,1,2,2,4]}}


Syntax {{getUrlField <managed_propertyOWSURLH> "URL|Title"}}

Description Use with SharePoint Search data source. Returns the URL or Title part of a URL auto-created managed property

Example {{getUrlField MyPropertyOWSURLH "Title"}}


Syntax {{getUrlParameter <parameter> <url>}}

Description Return the query parameter value from a URL. Omitting the optional url parameter uses the current browser URL.

Example {{getUrlParameter "k"}} return the value of the k query parameter from the browser URL. {{getUrlParameter "k" "https://foo?k=test"}} return the value of the k query parameter from the provided URL.


Syntax {{getUserEmail <value>}}

Description Extract the user email in a string based on a email regex (ex: a claim). Returns the first match.

Example {{getUserEmail " | Franck Cornu | 693A30232E667C6D656D626572736869707C6672616E636B2E636F726E7540616571756F736465762E6F6E6D6963726F736F66742E636F6D i:0#.f|membership|"}}


Syntax {{#group items by="<property>"}}

Description Group items by a specific results property. See for usage.

Example {{#group items by="RefinableString00"}}


Syntax {{regex <expression> <string>}}

Description Run a regular expression and return the match. Return - if not match.

Example {{regex '\d+' 'digit 15 is a number'}} will return 15


Syntax {{slot item <property_name>}}

Description Return the <property_name> value for the item object. Supports deep property paths.

Example {{slot item "property.subproperty"}}


Syntax {{#times <number>}}

Description Iterate the block <number> times.

Example {{#times 5}} some mark up {{/times}}


Syntax {{urlParse <url>}}

Description Same as Handlebar Helpers. Omitting the optional url parameter uses the current browser URL.

Example {{get "query" (urlParse)}} return the query part of a URL

Need any other helper? Let us know here!

Using built-in web components

By default, several components are available (see the complete list). If these does not fit your requirement, you can still create your own using the extensibility library.

Custom CSS styles

Default Behavior

Inside an HTML template (or layout field), you can write your own CSS styles using a <style> tag. Even better, you can inject Handlebars variables, helpers, conditional blocks, etc. right inside it and get dynamic classes or attributes

<content id="data-content">
        .example-themePrimary a {
            color: {{@root.theme.palette.themePrimary}};

    <div class="template">

However, all CSS rules (including @media rules) will be all prefixed automatically by an unique ID (pnp-template_<Web Part instance ID>) to make sure styles are isolated from other Web Parts on the page. We do this to avoid conflicts between classes in the global context.

Use of CSS Layers

In contrast to the automatically prefixing all styles with the web part instance ids, the style can live in its own so called layer. This way styles bleeding into the rest of the page can be avoided.

Layered styles - in contrast to the default behavior - allows mechanisms such as container queries and other future improvements such as CSS Nesting.

CSS support a mechanism for isolation CSS declarations in layers. To use this mechanism specify on the style tag the data property data-cssscope as layer.

<content id="data-content">
    <style data-cssscope="layer">
        .example-themePrimary a {
            color: {{@root.theme.palette.themePrimary}};

    <div class="template">

This convert the CSS into the following form:

    <style data-cssscope="layer">
    @layer {
        .example-themePrimary a {
            color: {{@root.theme.palette.themePrimary}};


Browser support for CSS Layer on can-i-use.

Hide error message using CSS

By default the web parts will output an error message if something goes wrong on for example API calls.

If you want to hide the error message you can add the following CSS in your custom template.

<content id="data-content">

        .pnpSearchResultsErrorMessage { display:none; }

    <div class="template">

Use SharePoint contexts and theme in your templates

If you need to use current site theme colors, fonts and so on you can use the theme property available in the @root Handlebars context like this:

<content id="data-content">

            .example-themePrimary {
                color: {{@root.theme.palette.themePrimary}};


        <span class="example-themePrimary">{{Title}}</span>



If you want to reference the current user, you can get that from a context variable like this:

Login: {{@root.context.user.loginName}}

You can also use this variable in the 'Details List' and 'Cards' layouts in field expressions.

Theme usage in fields

A good way to see all available context values is to switch to the debug layout and inspect the values:

Theme properties

Work with placeholders

To indicate the data are loading, you can create placeholders (shimmers) using the <content id="placeholder-content"> section of your HTML template: The placeholder is only loaded during first data load. For subsequent requests, a overlay will be displayed.

<content id="placeholder-content">


        .placeholder .icon {
            width: 20px;
            height: 16px;
            margin-right: 5px;

        .placeholder ul {
            list-style: none;

        .placeholder ul li {
            display: flex;
            align-items: center;
            padding: 8px;


    <div class="placeholder">
            {{#times 5}}
                    <div class="icon placeholder--shimmer"></div>
                    <span class="placeholder--shimmer placeholder--line" style="width: 60%"></span>

Use CSS classes placeholder--shimmer and placeholder--line to build your placeholders. Basically, you can reuse the same HTML structure as your template content markup, but using these these classes instead to fill areas.

If no placeholder is present in the template, a default one will be loaded.

Microsoft Graph Toolkit

The Microsoft Graph Toolkit is a collection of reusable, framework-agnostic web components and helpers for accessing and working with Microsoft Graph. The components are fully functional right of out of the box, with built in providers that authenticate with and fetch data from Microsoft Graph.

In the solution, you can use Graph Tookit components without the need to re-authenticate against Microsoft Graph because the Web Parts already use the SharePoint provider.

Refer to the official documentation to see all available components. For instance, we use the Microsoft Graph Toolkit for the people layout via <mgt-person>.

Build templates with item selection

If your template requires items selection for dynamic filtering, you can follow these guidelines to design your template structure. The item selection feature is based on the Office Fluent UI Selection component and custom data attributes.

The available data attributes you can use in your HTML template are:

  • data-selection-index: the index of the item being represented. This would go on the root of the tile/row.

  • data-selection-toggle: this boolean flag would be set on the element which should handle toggles.This could be a checkbox or a div.

  • data-selection-all-toggle: this boolean flag indicates that clicking it should toggle all selection.

  • data-selection-disabled: allows a branch of the DOM to be marked to ignore input events that alter selections.

  • data-selection-select: allows a branch of the DOM to ensure that the current item is selected upon interaction.

As item key you must use the builtin Handlebars {{@index}} property in the {{#each}} loop. Also because state managed is internally managed by the Web Part, we provide you an Handlebars helper isItemSelected to help to apply styles depending of the selection (ex: apply a CSS class or not). To use this helper correctly, you must pass the current selected keys and current index to get the selected state for an item:

(isItemSelected @root.selectedKeys @index)

Template example with item selection


    .selected {
        background-color: {{@root.theme.palette.themeLighter}};
        border: 1px solid {{@root.theme.palette.themePrimary}};
        color: {{@root.theme.palette.themePrimary}};

{{#each data.items as |item|}}
    <div class="{{#if (isItemSelected @root.selectedKeys @index)}}selected{{/if}}" data-is-focusable data-selection-index="{{@index}}" data-selection-toggle>
        <span>{{slot item @root.slots.Title}}</span>


  • If you allowed multi items selection, you must use CTRL + Left click to select multiple elements. You can also select a range of elements using SHIFT + Left click.

Adaptive cards customizations

"Adaptive Cards"

As defined by Microsoft:

"Adaptive Cards are platform-agnostic snippets of UI, authored in JSON, that apps and services can openly exchange. When delivered to a specific app, the JSON is transformed into native UI that automatically adapts to its surroundings. It helps design and integrate light-weight UI for all major platforms and frameworks."

This new way of displaying data can be used in the Modern Data Visualizer solution as well.

You can use the adaptive cards builder to create your template Adaptive cards can be used for SharePoint Search and Micrososft Search data sources.

Use web components and HTML markup in adaptive cards

Web components and HTML are supported in adaptive cards through markdown processing. To use it simply, add your HTML markup in the text property. Example:

    "type": "Column",
    "items": [
            "type": "TextBlock",
            "wrap": true,
            "text": "<pnp-iconfile class='icon' data-extension='${string(jPath($data, concat('.',$root.slots['FileType']))[0])}'></pnp-iconfile>"
    "width": "auto"

HTML in adaptive cards will be sanitized.

Reference a slot in a adaptive card

Since it is not possible to create custom functions with adaptive cards templates right now, slots values can only be accessed using the builtin jPath function and the following syntax:

"items": [
        "type": "TextBlock",
        "wrap": true,
        "text": "${string(jPath($data, concat('.',$root.slots['<your_slot_name>']))[0])}""

To reference a field without a slot, just use its name:

"items": [
        "type": "TextBlock",
        "wrap": true,
        "text": "${Title}""


  • string() is here to make sure the result of the jPath expression will always be a string. If omitted, if the slot provided (i.e. the object path) doesn't exist, it will return null causing a render error. The jPath function always returns an array.
  • jPath(<data>, concat('.', $root.slots['<your_slot_name>'])) where <data> is the JSON object used to resolve the slot. When looping through items, use the $data token representing the current item with properties. The expression concat('.', $root.slots['<your_slot_name>'])) is to comply with the jPath syntax: every property path should be begin with a '.' (See the official jPath documentation).

Styling your adaptive cards

When selecting the adaptive cards mode, you can also setup styles through the host configuration.

From the official Microsoft documentation:

"HostConfig is a cross-platform configuration object that specifies how an Adaptive Card Renderer generates UI.".